Correlational findings

Study Smith et al. (1999): study US 1997

Undergraduate students, USA, 1999
N = 130
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaires were completed either during class or outside of class and returned within a week.


Authors's Label
Dispositional Envy Scale (DES)
Our Classification
The authors stress that "envy" is different from "jealousy" Envy involves two people and corresponds to the feeling aroused when one person desires another's advantage. Jealousy involves three people and corresponds to the feelings aroused when one person fears losing a special relation to a rival.
Dispositional Envy Scale (DES), consisting of 8 items:
1. I feel envy every day
2. The bitter truth is that I generally feel inferior to others
3. Feelings of envy constantly torment me
4. It is so frustrating to see some people succeed so easily
5. No matter what I do, envy always plagues me
6. I am troubled by feelings of inadequacy
7. It somehow doesn't seem fair that some people seem to have all the talent
8. Frankly, the success of my neighbours makes me resent them

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-Sum-g-mq-*-111-a r = -.35 p < .001 A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aa r = -.32 p < .001 A-TH-g-mq-th%-101-ab r = -.25 p < .01