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Correlational findings

Study Pappot & Phaff (2004): study NL 2004

Public:
Prisoners and controls, The Netherlands, 2004
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 42
Non Response:
40%
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
1 general questionnaire, administered at start. Mood-questionnaires, filled out three times a day, during 10 consecutive days. Mood-questionaires were filled out at 7.30, 12.00 and 18.00 hours. Prisoners handed forms to their supervisors after each assesment. Controls handed all forms to the investigators at the end of the study..

Correlate

Authors's label
in prison
Our Classification
Operationalization
0: controls
1: prisoners

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-g-sq-n-11-d DMt = - p < .148 controls:  Mt = 7.36
prisoners: Mt = 6.59
- difference   -0.77
A-ARE-m-sqr-n-11-a DMt = - p < .000 controls:  Mt = 6.73
prisoners: Mt = 5.25
- difference   -1.48

Personality was assessed but could not be controlled, due to limited cases. Differences between prisoners and controls were small, also with respect to age and etnical background.