# Correlational findings

## Study Jones (2002a): study CA 1998

Public
Sample
Respondents
N = 31194
Non Response
13%
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)

## Correlate

Authors's Label
Household income
Our Classification
Remarks
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Household income is
1: low
2: middle
3: high
4: highest

## Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = % very happy
Household income is
1: low     26%
2: middle  26%
3: high    26%
4: highest 34%
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.29 p < .000 girls, highest income household O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.14 p < .058 boys, highest income household O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.11 p < .100 girls, high income household O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.04 p < .481 boys, high income household O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.15 p < .019 girls, middele income household O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.03 p < .646 boys, middle income household O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.34 p < .001 Children with religious affiliation only: (girls N=1192, boys N= 1178))

girls, highest income group
O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.16 p < .085 boys, highest income group O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.24 p < .009 girls, high income group O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.10 p < .271 boys, high income group O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.21 p < .024 girls, middle income group O-HL-c-sq-v-4-n = +.07 p < .451 boys, middle income group

B controlled for:
- child's age
- religion
- worship frequency, child
- public school attendee or not
- family composition
- education of the mother
- working mother or not
- smoking and drinking by the mother
- region