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Correlational findings

Study Cantril (1965): study ZZ 1960

Public:
20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
Survey name:
Cantril World Survey
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 18653
Non Response:
-
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
by native interviewer

Correlate

Authors's label
Socio-economic development
Our Classification
Operationalization
5-item index involving:
-   general welfare: GNP per capita,
    and number of doctors per 10,000
    persons
-   communications: number of vehicles,
    telephones, radios, and newspaper
    circulation, per 1000 persons
-   industrialization: energy consump-
    tion per capita, and percentage of
    the economically active population
    in the non-agricultural sectors
-   urbanization: percentage of the po-
    pulation literate, and primary
    school enrollment ratio.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a r = +.67 p < .01 This correlation is at the macro level (rather than as the individual level). Happpiness for each of the countries was correlated with the index of development.

L-shaped curve: stronger effect on average hap- piness in the least develloped countries.