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Correlational findings

Study Bell (1974): study US 1973

Public:
Males, shortly before and after retirement, USA 1973-74
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 114
Non Response:
21%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face

Correlate

Authors's label
Disconfirmation of retirement expectations in family area
Our Classification
Operationalization
Difference between:
T1: pre-retirement expectations of hours spend with family
T2: post-retirement report of hours spend with family

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-e r = -.25 p < .001 Degree of difference O-SLL-c-sq-v-5-e r = -.23 p < .002 Direction of difference; Ss who spend more hours with family than expected became less happy.

Correlations with T1-T2 CHANGE in happiness
Unaffected by age, income, health, SES and retirement duration