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Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981

Public:
18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Survey name:
WorldValuesSurvey 1
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 12464
Non Response:
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured

Correlate

Authors's label
Tolerance
Our Classification
Operationalization
Direct question, rated on a 4 point   scale: "Do you feel embarrassed to be with people with other ideas, an other religion or other opinions than yourself? Do you think that's..."
1 Very embarrassing
.
.
4 Not embarrassing at all  

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.06 p < .05 France O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.10 p < .01 Great-Britain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.22 p < .01 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.09 p < .01 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.09 Netherlands O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.02 ns Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.10 p < .01 Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.12 p < .01 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.12 p < .01 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.13 p < .01 Northern Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa r = +.14 EC

O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa DMt = + EC (stratified sample)  
Very embarrassing         Mt'=  5.78
.                         Mt'=  6.22
.                         Mt'=  6.67
Not embarrassed at all    Mt'=  7.00
O-SLW-c-sq-n-10-aa Beta = ns In none of the European countries ß weights of this variable reached .10 level in multiple regression analysis, when controlling for:
happiness(HAPP 1.1), affect(AFF 2.3); satisfaction with health,income and family life; age, income, education, marital status, having children, male sex, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future;  loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.