Correlational findings

Study Cantril (1965): study ZZ 1960

20+ aged general public, 14 countries, ±1960
Survey name
INT-Cantril World Survey
N = 18653
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
by native interviewer


Authors's Label
National hopes and aspirations
Our Classification
Content analysis of an open-ended ques- tion on wishes and hopes for the futu- re of one's country. Responses rated for:

a.  Political:
    honest, efficient, balanced, demo-
    cratic or representative, socialis-
    tic government; freedom; law and
    order; national unity; political
    stability, internal peace and or-
    der; etc.

b.  Economic:
    improved or decent standard of
    living; technological advances,
    greater productivity; economic sta-
    bility; employment; etc.

c.  Social:
    social justice; eliminate discrimi-
    nation, prejudice or exploitation;
    education; improved labor condi-
    tions; control of labor; social se-
    curity; housing; agrarian reform;
    public health; limited population
    growth; sense of social and politi-
    cal responsibility and awareness;
    morality, ethical standards, reli-
    gions; etc.

d.  International:
    peace; disarmament, limitation of
    armaments, control or banning of
    nuclear weapons; lessening of cold
    war; better relations with Commu-
    nist bloc; friendly relations with
    all countries; better world; main-
    tain neutrality; help other na-
    tions; increased foreign trade or
    exports; etc.

e.  Independent status:
    military strength; maintain or at-
    tain the position of a world power;
    enhancement of status and importan-
    ce of the nation; exert ideological
    or moral leadership; national inde-
    pendence; etc.

f.  Preserve national status quo:
    contentment with things as they

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = -.05 ns a. U-shaped curve: moderately happy people being    least concerned with politics.

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = -.10 p < .05 b.

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = +.17 p < .05 c.

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = +.47 p < .01 d.

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = +.26 p < .01 e.

C-BW-c-sq-l-11-a G = +.75 p < .01 f.