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Correlational findings

Study Wessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1

Public:
Male college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 17
Non Response:
37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Assessment:
Multiple methods
Mood diary kept 30 days and repeated interviews and tests during three years.

Correlate

Authors's label
Earlier optimism
Our Classification
Operationalization
Factor Optimism - Pessimism, based on indirect agree/disagree questionnaire items, e.g. chances of success in life, most endeavors are worthwhile, life consists of a procession of disillu- sionments, the future looks black as pitch. Assessed two years earlier.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = +.58 p < .05