Correlational findings

Study Wessman & Ricks (1966): study US 1957 /1

Male college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
N = 17
Non Response
37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Multiple assesment methods
Mood diary kept 30 days and repeated interviews and tests during three years.


Authors's Label
Ideal-self descript-ions
Our Classification
See also under 'Content of real self-image' S 2.2.1). The group of Ss was divided in two according to their mean 'daily average mood' (AFF 3.1). The Q sort description provided by the nine re- latively happy men were compared with those of the eight relatively unhappy men. Only significant discrepancies between the des- criptions of both groups were presented.
Content analysis of a 60-item Q sort, filled out both in very elated and in very depressed moods for ideal-concept ('the picture of the sort of person you have hoped to become or fancied your- self to be').

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-a r = - p < .05 1.  Primarily concerned with efficient work and
    In general the unhappy men value nothing but
    efficient work and ambition, especially in
    their depressed moods.
    The happier men value warmth and friendliness
    as much as their academic goals, and reject
    pretense, selfishness and pessimism more than
    they reject ineffectiveness, wasting of time
    and failure to fulfill ambitions.