Correlational findings

Study Headey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981

18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
N = 419
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
In 1981 942 panel members were selected. By 1987 649 members remained. In 1987 a supplementary mail questionnaire, used to measure depression and anxiety, netted 419 replies. Mailed questionnaire at T4 to measure depression/anxiety


Authors's Label
Negative Affect Scale (NAS)
Our Classification
Selfreport on 5 questions:
"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?"  (yes/no)
A So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
B Very lonely or remote from other people?
C Bored?
D Depressed or very unhappy?
E Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options: yes = 1   no  = 0
Possible range: 0 to +5
Name: Bradburn's Negative Affect Scale
(sub-scale of affect balance Scale, item code A-AB)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-a r = -.40 p < .05