Correlational findings

Study Headey et al. (1993): study AU AU Victoria 1981

18-65 aged, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981 to 1987
N = 419
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
In 1981 942 panel members were selected. By 1987 649 members remained. In 1987 a supplementary mail questionnaire, used to measure depression and anxiety, netted 419 replies. Mailed questionnaire at T4 to measure depression/anxiety


Authors's label
0-10 Happy Scale
Our Classification
Selfreport on single question:
Use the list below to answer the following question: IN GENERAL, HOW HAPPY OR UNHAPPY DO YOU USUALLY FEEL? Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness.
10  extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic!)
9    very happy (feeling really good and elated!)
8    pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good)
7    mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful)
6    slightly happy ( just a bit above neutral)
5    slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral)
4    mildly unhappy (just a bit low)
3    pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down)
2    very unhappy ( depressed, spirits very low)
1    extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)

Name: Fordyce's overall happiness item.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-a r = +.58 p < .05