Correlational findings

Study Headey et al. (1991): study AU AU Victoria 1981

18-65 aged, general public, Victoria, Australia, followed 1981-1987
Survey name
AU Australian QOL Panel Study Waves 1981, 1983, 1985, 1987
N = 942
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Satisfaction with Friendship: earlier, later
Our Classification
Index of 4 single questions on satisfaction with:
a: The people you see socially
b: Your friends
c: The friends of opposite sex you have
d: How much you are accepted and included by others
All scored on a 1-9 rating scale, summation by average.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-a Beta = + ns EARLIER Happiness by LATER satisfaction with friendships (Top-down)
- Level by level (Contempurous) Beta = +.06(ns)
- Change by change (lagged)     Beta = +.04(ns)
O-DT-u-sqt-v-9-a Beta = - ns EARLIER Satisfaction with friends by LATER happiness (Bottom-up)
- Level by level (Contempurous) Beta = -.01(ns)
- Change by change (lagged)     Beta = -.01(ns)

Betas controled for T1
- socio-demogaphics
  - age
  - gender
  - SES
- personality
  - extraversion
  - neuroticism