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Correlational findings

Study Abdel-Khalek (2006a): study KW 2002 /1

Public
University undergraduates, Kuwait 2002
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
Assessment

Questionnaire completed in class

Correlate

Authors's Label
Hope
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Cronbach alpha = .68
Remarks
The Hope Scale (Snyder, Harris et al., 1991
Distribution
M = 24,13; SD = 3,45
Related specification variables
Operationalization
Selfreport on 8 questions:
a: I can think of many ways to get out of a jam
b  I energetically pursue my goals
c  There are lots of ways around any problem
d  I can think of many ways to get the things in life that are important to me
e  Even when others get discouraged, I know I can find a way to solve the problem
f  My past experiences have prepared me well for my future
g  I have been pretty succesful in life
h  I meet the goals that I set for myself

Rated:
1  definitely false
2  mostly false
3  mostly true
4  definitely true

Computation: (a+b+c+d+e+f+g+h)/4
a+c+f+g: Pathway subscale
b+d+e+h: Agency subscale

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-FH-g-sq-ol-11-a r = +.41 p < .001 All
males  : r = +.40 (N = 95)
females: r = +.42 (N = 95)