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Correlational findings

Study Adams (1997): study US 1980

Public:
Black Americans, USA, followed from 1980 to 1992
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 623
Non Response:
T1: 32%; T2: 19%; T3: 17%; T4:17%
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
T1: face to face interviews; T2,T3,T4: telephone interviews

Correlate

Authors's Label
Happiness
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Overtime correlation: T1-T2: r=+.34; T1-T3: r=+.24; T1-T4: r=+.29
Remarks
Assessed at: T1:1980; T2:1987; T3:1989; T4:1992
Distribution
General Life Satisfaction:               Happiness
T1: M=3.08; N=620;                      T1: M=2.19; N=615
T2: M=3.20; N=613;                      T2: M=2.07; N=616
T3: M=3.24; N=621;                      T3: M=2.09; N=619
T4: M=3.21; N=621;                      T4: M=2.07; N=617
Operationalization
Selfreport on single question:
How happy are you these days?
Response options not reported

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-b r = +.41 p < .00 T1:1980 O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-b r = +.49 p < .00 T2:1988 O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-b r = +.41 p < .00 T3:1989 O-SLu-c-sq-v-4-b r = +.44 p < .00 T4:1992