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Correlational findings

Study Yardley & Rice (1991): study US 1988

Public:
University students, State University of New York at Buffalo, followed 10 weeks, 198?
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 65
Non Response:
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper
Questionnaire completed in class

Correlate

Authors's label
Well being (SWB)
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Test-retest correlation coefficient(over 10 weeks month)= .82 T1: Cronbach alpha= .80 T2: Cronbach alpha =.87
Remarks
Diener's SWLS is not accepted as a valid measure of happiness because of the last item in the scale
Distribution
T1:  M=23.54  SD=5.28
T2:  M=23.94  SD=5.67
Operationalization
Self report five questions (Diener's satisfaction with life scale)

a In most ways my life is close to my ideal.
b The conditions of my life are excellent.
c I am satisfied with my life.
d So far I have gotten the important things I want in life.
e If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing

Assessed at T1 and T2 (10 weeks difference)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a r = +.48 p < .001 none T1 Mood by T1 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a r = +.42 p < .001 Longitudinal T1 Mood by T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a r = +.48 p < .001 Longitudinal T1 Mood by T2 Mood A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a r = +.50 p < .001 Longitudinal T1 SWB by T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a r = +.22 p < .05 Longitudinal T1 SWB by T2 Mood A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a r = +.64 p < .001 none T2 Mood by T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a rpc = +.40 p < .001 Longitudinal T1 SWB by T2 SWB controling T1 mood and T2 mood A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a rpc = +.57 p < .001 Longitudinal T2 Mood by T2 SWB controling T1 mood and T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a Beta = -.05 ns Longitudinal T1 Mood by T2 SWB controling T1 SWB and T2 mood
Direct path insignificant
A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a rpc = +.19 p < .05 Longitudinal Indirect path T1 Mood to T1 SWB to T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a Beta = +.27 p < .05 Longitudinal Indirect path T1 Mood to T2 Mood to T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = Longitudinal