# Correlational findings

## Study Yardley & Rice (1991): study US 1988

Public
University students, State University of New York at Buffalo, followed 10 weeks, 198?
Sample
Respondents
N = 65
Non Response
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Questionnaire completed in class

## Correlate

Authors's Label
Well being (SWB)
Our Classification
Error Estimates
Test-retest correlation coefficient(over 10 weeks month)= .82 T1: Cronbach alpha= .80 T2: Cronbach alpha =.87
Remarks
Diener's SWLS is not accepted as a valid measure of happiness because of the last item in the scale
Distribution
T1:  M=23.54  SD=5.28
T2:  M=23.94  SD=5.67
Operationalization
Self report five questions (Diener's satisfaction with life scale)

a In most ways my life is close to my ideal.
b The conditions of my life are excellent.
c I am satisfied with my life.
d So far I have gotten the important things I want in life.
e If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing

Assessed at T1 and T2 (10 weeks difference)

## Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.48 p < .001 T1 Mood by T1 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.42 p < .001 T1 Mood by T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.48 p < .001 T1 Mood by T2 Mood A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.50 p < .001 T1 SWB by T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.22 p < .05 T1 SWB by T2 Mood A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.64 p < .001 T2 Mood by T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.40 p < .001 T1 SWB by T2 SWB controling T1 mood and T2 mood A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.57 p < .001 T2 Mood by T2 SWB controling T1 mood and T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = -.05 ns T1 Mood by T2 SWB controling T1 SWB and T2 mood
Direct path insignificant
A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.19 p < .05 Indirect path T1 Mood to T1 SWB to T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a = +.27 p < .05 Indirect path T1 Mood to T2 Mood to T2 SWB A-BD1-md-mq-v-7-a =