Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981

18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Survey name
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 1
N = 12464
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured


Authors's Label
Past satisfaction
Our Classification
Direct question, rated on a 10 point scale (higher numbers indicating higher satisfaction in past):"How satisfied or dissatisfied would you say you were 5 years back?".

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.18 France O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.16 Great-Britain O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.12 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.17 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.18 Netherlands O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.13 Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.23 Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.31 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.20 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = <.10 Northern Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.18 EC

ß's controlled for happiness(HAPP 1.1), affect(AFF 2.3); satisfaction with health,income and family life; age, income, education, marital status, having children, male sex, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.