Correlational findings

Study Koivumaa-Honkanen (1998): study FI 1975

18-64 aged adult twin pairs, Finland, 1975
N = 29444
Non Response:
Questionnaire: paper
Mailed questionnaire


Authors's label
Life satisfaction
Our Classification
Total score of 4 questions;
a: Do you feel that your life at present is;5= very interesting,4= fairly interesting,3= cannot say,2= fairy boring,1= very boring
b: Do you feel your life at present is;5= very happy,4=fairly happy,3=cannot say,2=fairly sad,1=very sad
c:  Do you feel that your life at present is;5= very hard,4= fairly hard,3= cannot say,2= fairy easy,1= very easy
d:  Do you feel that your life at present moment you are;5= very lonely,4= fairly lonely,3= cannot say,2= ?,1= not at all lonely

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.79 p < .05 Total O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.79 Men O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.79 Women O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.75 Healthy O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.81 Sick O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.78 Age 18-24 O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.79 Age 25-34 O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.79 Age 35-44 O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.81 Age 45-54 O-HL-c-sq-v-5-j r = +.80 Age 55-64