Correlational findings

Study Halman et al. (1987): study ZZ EU 10 1981

18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
Survey name
INT-WorldValuesSurvey 1
N = 12464
Non Response
Interview: face-to-face
Highly structured


Authors's Label
Affect Balance
Our Classification
Happines measure type A-AB
Related specification variables
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.12 France O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.13 Great-Britain O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.18 West Germany O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.16 Italy O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.12 Netherlands O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.14 Denmark O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.12 Belgium O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.13 Spain O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.16 Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = <.10 Northern Ireland O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a Beta = +.14 EC

O-SLW-c-sq-m-11-a r = +.45 EC (stratified sample)
-Positive Affect  r=+.31
-Negative Affect  r=-.31

ß's controlled for:
happiness(HAPP 1.1); satisfaction with health,income and family life; age, income, education, marital status, male sex, having children, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.