- 18+ aged, general public, EU 10 nations, 1981
- Survey name:
- WorldValuesSurvey 1
- N = 12464
- Non Response:
- Authors's label
- Affect Balance
- Our Classification
- Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....? (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?
Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5
Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)
Observed Relation with Happiness
-Positive Affect r=+.31
-Negative Affect r=-.31
ß's controlled for:
happiness(HAPP 1.1); satisfaction with health,income and family life; age, income, education, marital status, male sex, having children, work; urbanisation, type of dwelling, own home, religiousness, social participation; uncertainty about future, expected negative changes in income; satisfaction 5 years in past and future; tolerance, loneliness, misantropy, hopeless about life and sense of control.