Correlational findings

Study VanHemert et al. (2002a): study ZZ 1974

Adults, general public, 30 countries, 1974-1999
N = 44098
Non Response
not reported
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)


Authors's Label
Affect Balance
Our Classification
Bradburn's(1965) Affect Balance Scale
Selfreport on 10 questions:

"During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?" (yes/no)
A Particularly exited or interested in something?
B So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C Proud because someone complimented you on something
you had done?
D Very lonely or remote from other people?
E Pleased about having accomplished something?
F Bored?
G On top of the world?
H Depressed or very unhappy?
I That things were going your way?
J Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no = 0
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-Sum-*-sq-vt-11-a r = +.64 p < .01 Average happiness by average score on Affect Balance in 19 countries.