- Male college students, followed 3 years, Harvard University, USA, 1957-60
- N = 17
- Non Response
- 37%: 9 dropouts, incomplete; about the same happiness distribution.
Multiple assesment methods
Mood diary kept 30 days and repeated interviews and tests during three years.
- Authors's Label
- Impulse expression vs self-restraint
- Our Classification
- Repeated closed question on 'how expes- sive and impulsive or internally res- traind and controlled you felt', rated on a 10-point scale:
10. Wild and complete abandon. No im-
9. Exhilarating sense of release. Say whatever I feel, and do just as I
8. Quick to act on every immediiate
7. Allowing my impulses and desires a
pretty free rein.
6. Moderate acceptance and expression
of my own needs and desires.
5. Keep a check on most whims and im-
4. On the straight and narrow path.
Keeping myself within strong bounds
3. Obeying rigorous standards. Strict
2. Refuse to permit the slightest self-indulgence or impulsive action
1. Complete renunciation of all desi-
res. Needs and impulses totally
Scale scored each night for highest, lowest and average experience of the day.
(Wessman & Ricks Impulse Expression vs Self-Restraint Scale).
Observed Relation with Happiness
Daily highest : r = +.69 (05)
Daily average : r = +.62 (05)
Daily lowest : r = +.05 (ns)