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Correlational findings

Study Suh et al. (1998): study ZZ 1990

Public:
16+ aged, general public, 43 nations 1990-93
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 55666
Non Response:
.11
Assessment:
Interview: face-to-face
Interviews were carried out by professional survey organizations or university-based institutions.

Correlate

Authors's label
Emotional experience
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 10 questions:
During the past few weeks, did you ever feel ....?  (yes/no)
A   Particularly exited or interested in something?
B   So restless that you couldn't sit long in a chair?
C   Proud because someone complimented you on something  
     you had done?
D   Very lonely or remote from other people?
E   Pleased about having accomplished something?
F   Bored?
G   On top of the world?
H   Depressed or very unhappy?
I    That things were going your way?
J    Upset because someone criticized you?

Answer options and scoring:
yes = 1
no  = 0
Summation:
-Positive Affect Score (PAS): A+C+E+G+I
-Negative Affect Score (NAS): B+D+F+H+J
-Affect Balance Score (ABS): PAS minus NAS
Possible range: -5 to +5

Name: Bradburn's 'Affect Balance Scale' (standard version)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-l-10-a mr = +.41 p < .00 Nigeria          r = +.20
India            r = +.22
Turkey           r = +.30
Switzerland      r = +.31
Russia           r = +.31
Japan            r = +.32
Spain            r = +.34
Lithuania        r = +.35
Brazil           r = +.36
Mexico           r = +.38
Czechoslovakia   r = +.38
Romania          r = +.38
Latvia           r = +.38
Estonia          r = +.39
Northern Ireland r = +.40
Chile            r = +.40
Byelaris         r = +.40
Bulgaria         r = +.40
China            r = +.40
Britain          r = +.41
Norway           r = +.41
Argentina        r = +.41
Austria          r = +.41
Poland           r = +.43
Belgium          r = +.44
Hungary          r = +.44
East Germany     r = +.44
Slovenia         r = +.44
Portugal         r = +.44
France           r = +.45
Italy            r = +.45
Denmark          r = +.45
Canada           r = +.45
Iceland          r = +.47
The Netherlands  r = +.48
Ireland          r = +.48
United States    r = +.48
Sweden           r = +.48
South Africa     r = +.50
Finland          r = +.51
West Germany     r = +.57

Correlations are larger in the individualist than the collectivist nations (r=.52, p<.001)

Separate analysis of subscales (Positive Affect and Negative Affect) yields similar results