Correlational findings

Study Holahan et al. (1999): study US 1960

Gifted (IQ>135) followed unto old age, USA, 1960-1992
N = 383
Non Response:
Interview: face-to-face
Repeated, with questionnaires


Authors's label
Current satisfaction with things wanted earlier
Our Classification
  • HAPPINESS: CORRESPONDENCE OF DIFFERENT MEASURES Overall happiness Overall happiness and contentment O-SL by C-RG
  • LIFE GOALS Life-goal career Earlier life-goals Realization of earlier goals
Discrepancy between recalled goals in early adulthood and current satisfaction in goal fields.
 Participants were asked to rate the importance of their life-goals in the plans they made in early adulthood for: 'occupational succes', 'family life' and 'joy in living'. They were also asked to rate their current (age 61) satisfaction in these domains. Next scores were subtracted.
 Assessed at T2 (1972)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLW-c-sq-n-9-a ├čL = +.58 T2 goal realization by T3 happiness
 Controled for T1 appraisal of 'having lived up to ones intellectual abilities' (which is linked to T2 goal realization, but not to T3 happiness)