Correlational findings

Study Charness & Grosskopf (2001): study ES 1998

University students, Barcelona, Spain, 1998
N = 121
Non Response
0 %
Multiple assesment methods
Questionnaire and experiment


Authors's Label
Passive (dead) vs active (live) role in partition experiment
Our Classification
A.: N= 60   B.: N= 61
Ss met in one large room and were explained that they would randomly be assigned one of two roles in an experiment:
A: Passive role (dead), no say in the decision, only asked what they would do if they had been in the other role and/or to predict the choice of B
B: Active role (live), makes two decisions about partition of money (about $10) between A and B

After this introduction Ss were randomly assigned either role A or role B. Next Ss answered written questions about respectively general happiness (GH), comparative happiness (CH) and momentary happiness (MH)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a DM = - ns Passive role: GH=7.25 (MH=6.45)
Active role:  GH=6.64 (MH=6.07)
A-TH-g-mq-th%-100-a D% = - ns % time happy:
Passive role: happy 44.1, neutral 44.2 unhappy 11.7
Active role: happy 42.1, neutral 42.0 unhappy 15.9