Correlational findings

Study Charness & Grosskopf (2001): study ES 1998

University students, Barcelona, Spain, 1998
N = 121
Non Response:
0 %
Multiple methods
Questionnaire and experiment


Authors's label
Passive (dead) vs active (live) role in partition experiment
Our Classification
Ss met in one large room and were explained that they would randomly be assigned one of two roles in an experiment:
A: Passive role (dead), no say in the decision, only asked what they would do if they had been in the other role and/or to predict the choice of B
B: Active role (live), makes two decisions about partition of money (about $10) between A and B

After this introduction Ss were randomly assigned either role A or role B. Next Ss answered written questions about respectively general happiness (GH), comparative happiness (CH) and momentary happiness (MH)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a DM = - ns Passive role: GH=7.25 (MH=6.45)
Active role:  GH=6.64 (MH=6.07)
A-TH-g-mq-th%-100-a D% = - ns % time happy:
Passive role: happy 44.1, neutral 44.2 unhappy 11.7
Active role: happy 42.1, neutral 42.0 unhappy 15.9