Correlational findings

Study Jacob & Brinkerhoff (1997): study US 1989

'Back to the land' mini farmers, USA,1989
N = 565
Non Response
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
Mailed questionnaire


Authors's Label
HFP- country asceticism gap
Our Classification
Discrepancy between Homestead food production and country asceticism

Country Asceticism is importance of not having: 1.a gas or electric clothes dryer; indoor toilet or bathroom; 3. Not living in a modern house; 4. Electricity in your home; 5. A microwave oven.

PERFORMANCE is the percentage
of a family's food, that the respondents claimed was produced for their smallholding. The Homestaed Food Production index has a range between 0 and 100 per cent.

GAP between value and performance is constructed by dichotomizing the value scale and the performance indexes at their repective medians and to cross these indicators with each other. The respondents will fall in one of the four categories:
a.No gap low values-low HFP    high values-low HFP    low values-high HFP gap high values-high HFP

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-H?-?-sq-v-4-a r = - Ss, who value technical self reliance high, irrespectible of their performance (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.26 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.17 p<.01
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.12 ns

Ss, who value Homestead Food Production high, irrespectable their performance, (N=±280)
-high Country Asceticism     r=-.28 p<.005
-high Homestead Production   r=-.18 p<.01
-high Ecological Sensitivity r=-.13 p<.05