Correlational findings

Study Gorman (1971): study US 1970

Undergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
N = 67
Non Response
4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Multiple assesment methods
Questionnaires administered in class and daily records kept at home during 28 days


Authors's Label
Elation vs depression
Our Classification
Happiness measure type A-ARE
Selfreport on single question, answered every evening before retiring during six weeks (experience sampling)
On average;  how elated or depressed,  happy or unhappy you felt today....?
10 Complete elation, rapturous joy and soaring ecstasy
9  Very elated and in very high spirits.Tremendous delight and buoyancy
8  Elated and in high spirits
7  Feeling very good and cheerful
6  Feeling pretty good , "OK"
5  Feeling a little bit low. Just so-so
4  Spirits low and somewhat 'blue'
3  Depressed and feeling very low.  Definitely 'blue'
2  Tremendously depressed.
   Feeling terrible, really miserable, "just awful"
1  Utter depression and gloom. Completely down. All is black and leaden. Wish it were all over.

Name:  Wessman & Ricks'  `Elation - depression scale'

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks C-BW-c-sq-l-11-b r = +.26 Mean daily average mood: r = +.26 (05)
Mean daily highest mood: r = +.29 (05)
Mean daily lowest mood : r = +.16 (ns)