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Correlational findings

Study Covinsky et al. (1999): study US 1994

Public:
80+ aged patients 2 months after hospitalization, USA, 1994
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 493
Non Response:
564
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Pain symptoms
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on questions about the frequency (not at all, occasionally, about half the time, most of the time) and severity (not at all severe, moderately severe, very severe) of their pain
1= none
2= mild
3= severe

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b DM = - 1. M=3.00 SD= 1.02
2. M=2.78 SD= 1.02
3. M=2.59 SD=  .94
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b rs = -.16 p < .00 O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b C = -.58 dichotomized global quality-of-life ratings
"good or better" versus
"fair or worse"
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b OR = ns No difference in chance to be happy when controled for
- physical capacities
- psychological distress