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Correlational findings

Study Covinsky et al. (1999): study US 1994

Public:
80+ aged patients 2 months after hospitalization, USA, 1994
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 493
Non Response:
564
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Psychological distress
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport on 14 questions about depression and anxiety during the prior week(McNair et.al Moods Profile)
Psychological distress scores were calculated by summing the profiles of mood states, depression and anxiety scales:
1=lowest tertile (least distressed)
2=middle tertile
3=highest tertitle (most distressed)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b DM = - 1. M=3.28 SD=.95
2. M=2.96 SD=.90
3. M=2.42 SD=.98
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b rs = -.38 p < .00 O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b C = -.70 dichotomized global quality-of-life ratings
"good or better" versus
"fair or worse"
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b OR = -05 Chance to be happy
1: 3.2
2: 2.2
3: 1 (reference)
Chance controled for
- physical capacity
- independence in daily activities
- pain