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Correlational findings

Study Covinsky et al. (1999): study US 1994

Public:
80+ aged patients 2 months after hospitalization, USA, 1994
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 493
Non Response:
564
Assessment:
Interview: telephone (CATI)

Correlate

Authors's label
Physical capacity
Our Classification
Operationalization
Selfreport of physical restrictions on Duke Activity Status Index
Questions concern ability to perform activities ranging from walking around the house to vigorous exercise. Each activity is rated as being performed with no difficulty, some difficulty or not being performed because of poor health.
1. highest tertile (least restricted)
2. middle tertile
3. lowest tertile (most restricted)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b DM = - 1. M=3.38 SD=.96
2. M=2.71 SD=.86
3. M=2.39 SD=.95
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b rs = -.42 p < .00 O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b C = -.72 dichotomized global quality-of-life ratings
"good or better" versus
"fair or worse"
O-QLS-c-sq-v-5-b OR = -05 Chance to be happy
1: 1 (reference)
2: 2.1
3. 5.9
Chance controled for
- psychological distress
- indepencance of daily activities
- pain