Study Kainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
- 18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
- N = 2682
- Non Response
- not rep
- Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
- Authors's Label
- Been a victim of property crimes
- Our Classification
Never: N = 2006.
Ever in your life: N = 473
- Have you experienced been a victim of property crimes
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answera: No(=0) or Yes(=1).
Observed Relation with Happiness
ever in your life: M = 3.73
95% CI for difference: [0.07 ; 0.25]