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Correlational findings

Study Kainulainen (1998): study FI 1991

Public:
18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2682
Non Response:
not rep
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Upbringing problems with own children
Our Classification
Operationalization
Have you experienced upbringing problems with your own children
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.05 experienced during the last year O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.06 experienced ever in your life O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g DM = - never:                   M = 3.88
ever in your life:       M = 3.72
95% CI for difference:   [0.06; 0.26]