- 18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
- N = 2682
- Non Response
- not rep
- Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
- Authors's Label
- Upbringing problems with own children
- Our Classification
Never: N = 2097
Ever in your life: N= 334.
- Have you experienced upbringing problems with your own children
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers: No(=0) or Yes(=1).
Observed Relation with Happiness
ever in your life: M = 3.72
95% CI for difference: [0.06; 0.26]