Study Kainulainen (1998): study FI 1991
- 18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
- N = 2682
- Non Response
- not rep
- Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
- Authors's Label
- Changes at work due to technical development
- Our Classification
- It is at least debatable whether this experience can be labeled as 'negative' a priori.
Never: N = 955
Ever in your life: N = 737
- Have you experienced changes at work due to technical development
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers: No(=0) or Yes(=1).
Observed Relation with Happiness
ever in your life: M = 3.86
95% CI for difference: [-0.12 ; + 0.04]