print

Correlational findings

Study Kainulainen (1998): study FI 1991

Public:
18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2682
Non Response:
not rep
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Scantiness of a pension
Our Classification
Operationalization
Have you experienced scantiness of a pension
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.08 during the last year O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.08 ever in your life O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g DM = - never:                   M = 3.90
ever in your life:       M = 3.71
95% CI for difference:   [0.09 ; 0.29]