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Correlational findings

Study Kainulainen (1998): study FI 1991

Public:
18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2682
Non Response:
not rep
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Scantiness of social allowance (disability etc.)
Our Classification
Distribution
Never:   N = 1761
Ever in your life:  N = 644
Operationalization
Have you experienced scantiness of social allowance (disability etc.)
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answers:  No(=0)  or  Yes(=1).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Special Research Type Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.12 none during the last year. O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.11 none ever in your life O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g DM = - none never:                   M = 3.92
ever in your life:       M = 3.71
95% CI for difference:   [0.13 ; 0.29]