- 18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
- N = 2682
- Non Response
- not rep
- Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)
- Authors's Label
- Obligatory expenditure growing too heavy
- Our Classification
Never: N = 1195
Ever in your life: N = 1216
- Have you experienced obligatory expenditure growing too heavy
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answer: No (=0) or Yes (=1).
Observed Relation with Happiness
ever in your life: M = 3.71
95% CI for difference: [0.24 ; 0.38]