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Correlational findings

Study Kainulainen (1998): study FI 1991

Public:
18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2682
Non Response:
not rep
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Too high living costs (rent, mortage, loan etc.)
Our Classification
Operationalization
Have you experienced too high living costs (rent, mortage, loan etc.)
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answer:  No (=0)  or  Yes  (=1).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.28 during the last year O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.22 ever in your life O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g DM = - never:                   M = 3.98
ever in your life:       M = 3.61
95% CI for difference:   [0.30 ; 0.44]