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Correlational findings

Study Kainulainen (1998): study FI 1991

Public
18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
not rep
Assessment
Questionnaire: Paper & Pencil Interview (PAPI)

Correlate

Authors's Label
Financial problems (because of illness)
Our Classification
Distribution
Never:  N = 1682
Ever in your life :  N = 760
Operationalization
Have you experienced financial problems (because of illness)
(a) during the last year ?
(b) ever in your life ?
Answer: No (=0) or Yes (=1)

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.28 during the last year O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g r = -.26 ever in your life O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g DM = - never:                   M = 4.00
ever in your life:       M = 3.53
95% CI for difference:   [0.40 ; 0.54]