print

Correlational findings

Study Kainulainen (1998): study FI 1991

Public:
18+ aged, general public, former province Kuopio, Finland, 1991-1996
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 2682
Non Response:
not rep
Assessment:
Questionnaire: paper

Correlate

Authors's label
Social Class
Our Classification
Operationalization
Seven occupational classes:
- farmer
- entrepreneur
- upper white collar
- lower white collar
- blue collar
- student
- other

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks O-SLu-c-sq-v-5-g DM = p < .10 Average happiness(SWL = satisfaction with life)
-----------------------------------------------
                      1991/'92  1996  increase
-----------------------------------------------
- farmer                3.88    4.09    0.21
- entrepreneur          3.91    3.84   -0.07
- upper white collar    3.96    4.01    0.05
- lower white collar    3.83    3.96    0.13
- blue collar           3.75    3.77    0.02
- student               3.91    3.91   -0.00
- other                 3.73    3.91    0.18
ALL TOGETHER            3.82    3.89    0.06
-----------------------------------------------
(t-value = 1.88; p < .10 two-sided).
Standard error in overall mean SWL = 0.02, both in 1991/'92 and in 1996.