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Correlational findings

Study Bray & Howard (1980): study US 1956

Public:
40+ aged, male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 422
Non Response:
panel loss a t T5: 37%
Assessment:
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Correlate

Authors's label
Self-confidence
Our Classification
Operationalization
Guilford-Martin Inventory of Factors GAMIN-I scale.

This scale reflects on characteristics of a positive self-concept.
This subscale in particular reflects lack of inferiority feelings. High scorers believe they can cope with most situations and that people will treat them well; they feel worthy as individuals without the approval of others.


Assessed at T5.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-PL-c-rc-v-5-a r = +.49 p < .001 T5 self-confidence by T5 happiness.

Later analysis of the full studygroup (N=266) also showed a significantly positive correlation (BRAY 1983 p 302).