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Correlational findings

Study Bray & Howard (1980): study US 1956

Public:
40+ aged, male managers, Bell Telephone Company, 1956-1976
Sample:
Respondents:
N = 422
Non Response:
panel loss a t T5: 37%
Assessment:
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Correlate

Authors's label
Earlier ascendancy
Our Classification
Operationalization
Guilford-Martin Inventory of Factors: GAMIN-A scale.
This inventory reflects on characteristics of a positive self-concept.
This sub-scale in particular measures social assertiveness and has items reflecting a willingness to stand for one's rights and a lack of fearfullness of standing out in a acrowd, taking action in a troublesome situation or confronting disagreement.

Assessed at T1 (20 years before T5).

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks M-PL-c-rc-v-5-a r = +.23 p < .05 T1 ascendancy by T5 happiness