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Correlational findings

Study Gorman (1971): study US 1970

Public
Undergraduate students, Nassau Community College, USA, 1970
Sample
Respondents
N =
Non Response
4%, 3% refusal, 1% incomplete information
Assessment
Multiple assesment methods
Questionnaires administered in class and daily records kept at home during 28 days

Correlate

Authors's Label
Personal freedom vs external constraint
Our Classification
Operationalization
Wessman & Ricks Personal Freedom vs External Constraint Scale, scored each night for lowest, average and highest mood experienced that day during one month.

Observed Relation with Happiness

Happiness Measure Statistics Elaboration / Remarks A-ARE-md-sqr-v-10-b r = + p < .01 The means of the lowest, average and highest daily scored were correlated with the mean average score on the Elation-Depression Scale.

Daily highest:  r = +.56 (01)
Daily average:  r = +.62 (01)
Daily lowest :  r = +.55 (01)
C-BW-c-sq-l-11-b r = + p < .05 Analysis on the basis of the mean lowest, average and highest daily scores.

Daily highest:  r = +.28 (05)
Daily average:  r = +.28 (05)
Daily lowest :  r = +.30 (05)