Findings on happiness in Cummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2003

Author(s)Cummins, R.A.; Davern, M.T.; Eckersley, R.; Hunter, B.; Lo, S.K.; Okerstrom, E.
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2003
 Fluent in English
Collect period4
Survey nameAU-WI Survey 6
 Wave 6 of Australian Unity Wellbeing Survey
SampleProbability area sample
 Randomly drawn telephone numbers
Respondents N =1979
Non Response88%
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole? 1 very dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 neutral 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
Author's labelLife as a whole
Page in publication4
RemarksThe values presented in the report are stretched to range 0-100
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.661.66

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Chronological AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
CitizenshipN10acForeign nationalities in nation
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
GenderG01aaSex (male vs female)
Household IncomeI01ab03Household income
National WellbeingN01acCurrent satisfaction with nation
Number of people in householdH20ab03Number of persons in household
Personal WellbeingL04ad02Satisfaction with multiple domains of life
Satisfaction with achievementS02ae02Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Satisfaction with achievementL04ac01pSuccessful (vs failure), also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with business in AustraliaN04adAttitudes to economy in the nation
Satisfaction with control about financial securityI01af05cSatisfaction with financial security
Satisfaction with economic situation in AustraliaN04adAttitudes to economy in the nation
Satisfaction with feeling of safetyL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in vinicity
Satisfaction with feeling part of communityL17ab01Local social cohesion
Satisfaction with feeling part of communityL17ac04Satisfaction with social contacts in vinicity, also classified as above ↑
Satisfaction with financial expectationI01af03Income expectations
Satisfaction with government in AustraliaP09ag01Attitudes to government
Satisfaction with incomeI01af05aSatisfaction with income
Satisfaction with life in AustraliaE03ab01aTrend in general public
Satisfaction with national security in AustraliaN13acAttitudes to position of the nation
Satisfaction with natural environment in AustraliaN05ac02Satisfaction with natural environment
Satisfaction with personal relationshipsI07af02Satisfaction with intimacy
Satisfaction with religion or spiritualityR12af03Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with savings and invetmentdI01af05bSatisfaction with financial situation
Satisfaction with social conditions in AustraliaN14ab07aAttitudes to social relations in the nation
Satisfaction with Standard of livingI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with your future securityH19ab01Specific personal hopes
Satisfaction with your healthH14af04Satisfaction with health