Findings on happiness in Zelenski & Larsen (2000): study US 1995

Publication
Author(s)Zelenski, J.M.; Larsen, R.J.
TitleThe Distribution of Basic Emotions in Every Day Life: A State and Trait Perspective from Experience Sampling Data.
SourceJournal of Research in Personality, 2000, Vol. 34, 178 - 197
DOIDOI:10.1006/jrpe.1999.2275
Investigation
PublicUniversity students, USA, followed 28 days, 199?
 22 men, 60 women; mean age 20.46 SD 1.04
 Year of data gathering not reported
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive sample
 Volunteers, recruited from psychology class
Respondents N =82
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentDiary
 Mood diary
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textDaily self report of mood on 15 questions; How much of each mood did you experience today? A Exited B Interested C Enthusiastic D Happy E Relaxed F Bored G Sad H Lonely I Frustrated J Anxious K Disgusted L Angry M Afraid 0 not at all 1 2 3 4 5 6 extremely much Summation: mean A+B+C+D+E minus mean F+ G+H+I+J+K+L+M
ClassificationA-BD1-md-mqr-n-7-a
RemarksAffect Balance computed by us, substracting Negative affect from Positive Affect.
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range -6 - 6On range 0 - 10
Mean4.88
Standard deviation


Full textSelfreport on single question, asked twice with an interval of 16 days. "Consider your experience during the past 24 hours, being as objective and matter-of-fact as possible. Estimate honestly the prevailing or dominant level of your mood, and put a cross through the term which most accurately describes your prevailing feeling". 7 highly elated 6 moderately cheerful 5 mildly cheerful 4 indifferent 3 wildly depressed 2 moderately depressed 1 extremely gloomy Summation: Average of 32 scores.
ClassificationA-ARE-md-sqr-v-7-a
Author's labelhappy
Page in publication183
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Mean2.924.87
Standard deviation1.011.68


Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
AfraidM14ac11Feeling secure (vs threatened)
AngryM14ac08Feeling friendly (vs hostile)
AnxiousM14ac11Feeling secure (vs threatened)
BoredM14ac10cFeeling interested
DisgustedM14ac04eFeeling disgusted
EnthusiasticM14ac10dFeeling enthusiastic
ExcitedM14ac06aFeeling excited
FrustratedM14ac04dFeeling satisfied (vs dissatisfied)
GuiltyM14ac13Feeling morally good (vs guilty)
InterestedM14ac10cFeeling interested
LonelyM14ac05aFeeling lonely (vs not)
QuiteM14ac15Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
RelaxedM14ac15Feeling tranquil (vs restless)
SadM14ac04bFeeling down (vs not)