Findings on happiness in Cummins et al. (2003a): study AU 2002

Author(s)Cummins, R.A.; Davern, M.T.; Eckersley, R.; Hunter, B.; Lo, S.K.; Okerstrom, E.
TitleAustralian Unity Wellbeing Index, Survey 5, Report 5.0. The Wellbeing of Autralians: 1. Personal Finances 2. The Impact of the Bali Bombing.
SourceAustralian Center on Quality of Life, 2003, Melbourne, Australia.
Public18+ aged, general public, Australia, 2002
 Fluent in English
Collect period11
Survey nameNot available
 Wave 5 of Australian Unity Wellbeing Survey
SampleProbability area sample
 Randomly drawn telephone numbers
Respondents N =1999
Non Response75%
AssesmentInterview: telephone (CATI)
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: Thinking about your own life and personal circumstances, how satisfied are you with your life as a whole? 1 very dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 neutral 6 7 8 9 10 very satisfied First item in Cummins' 'Personal Well-being Scale' (labels used until 2005)
Author's label Life as a whole
Page in publication5
RemarksThe values presented in the report are stretched to range 0-100
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.731.73

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
Chronological AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Household IncomeI01ad03Type of income
Male sexeG01aaSex (male vs female)
ReligionR12acCurrent religious denomination
RetiredR14abCurrent status: retired or not
Satisfaction with ability to affordI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with ability to pay for essentialsI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with achievementS02ae02Satisfaction with own accomplishments
Satisfaction with businessN04adAttitudes to economy in the nation
Satisfaction with communityL17ac04Satisfaction with social contacts in vinicity
Satisfaction with economic situation in AustraliaN04adAttitudes to economy in the nation
Satisfaction with financial situationI01af05dSatisfaction with opportunity to save
Satisfaction with future securityH19ab01Specific personal hopes
Satisfaction with governmentP09ag01Attitudes to government
Satisfaction with life in AustraliaN01ac01Satisfaction with life in nation in general
Satisfaction with national securityN13acAttitudes to position of the nation
Satisfaction with natural environmentN05ac02Satisfaction with natural environment
Satisfaction with relationshipsI07af02Satisfaction with intimacy
Satisfaction with religion or spiritualityR12af03Satisfaction with religion
Satisfaction with SafetyL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in vinicity
Satisfaction with social conditionsN14ab07aAttitudes to social relations in the nation
Satisfaction with your finacial securityI01af05cSatisfaction with financial security
Satisfation with standard of livingI01af05aSatisfaction with income
Source of incomeI01adSource of current income
survey numberE03ERA (temporal period)
Worrying about moneyI01af01bWorrying about money