Findings on happiness in Lee et al. (1999a): study ZZ East-West pairs 1997

Publication
Author(s)Lee, D.Y.; Park, S.H.; Patsula, P.; Uhlemann, M.R.
TitleWhat Makes You Happy?: A Comparison of Self-Reported Criteria of Happiness between Two Cultures.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1999, Vol. 50, 351 - 362
DOIDOI:10.1023/A:1004647517069
Investigation
PublicCanadian and Korean university students. 1997
 Volunteers recruited from the preservice teacher-training programs at a public university in London, Canada. (age ranging from 22 to 36, median 23.4.) and at a public university in Chung-joo, Rep. Of South Korea (age ranging from 22 to 27, median 22.7) In terms of population the cities are comparable: London 350,000; Chung-joo 400,000
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability accidental sample
Respondents N =388
Non ResponseNot available
 15 participants out of 403 were eliminated due to careless responding
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Open-ended questions. Questions read by a pair of graduate judges, classifying each response in 14 life goal categories. In case of disagreement between the judges, units were excluded from final data analysis.
General remarksCanada, South-Korea
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: ." In general how happy or unhappy do you usually feel....?" Check the one statement that best describes your average happiness. 10 extremely happy (feeling ecstatic, joyous, fantastic) 9 very happy (feeling really good, elated) 8 pretty happy (spirits high, feeling good) 7 mildly happy (feeling fairly good and somewhat cheerful) 6 slightly happy (just a bit above neutral) 5 neutral (not particularly happy or unhappy) 4 slightly unhappy (just a bit below neutral) 3 mildly unhappy (just a little low) 2 pretty unhappy (somewhat "blue", spirits down) 1 very unhappy (depressed, spirits very low) 0 extremely unhappy (utterly depressed, completely down)
ClassificationA-AOL-g-sq-v-11-a
Author's labelIn general what makes you happy?
Page in publication354
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 10On range 0 - 10
Mean6.71
Standard deviation1.49


Full textSelfreport on three questions: 'On the average, what percentage of the time do you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%) 1 happy 2 unhappy 3 neutral Name: Fordyce % happy scale Variant: % happy
ClassificationA-TH-g-mq-th%-101-aa
Author's labelPercent of time happy
Page in publication354
Remarks"On the average, what percent of the time do you feel happy?"
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 100On range 0 - 10
Mean45.80
Standard deviation20.66


Full textSelfreport on three questions: 'On the average, what percentage of the time d you feel….…' (percentages must add up to 100%) 1 happy 2 unhappy 3 neutral Name: Fordyce % happy scale Variant: % unhappy
ClassificationA-TH-g-mq-th%-101-ab
Author's labelPercent measure of time feeling unhappy
Page in publication356
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 0 - 100On range 0 - 10
Mean19.44
Standard deviation13.26