Findings on happiness in Holahan et al. (1999): study US 1960

Publication
Author(s)Holahan, C.K.; Holahan, C.J.; Wonacott, N.L.
TitleSelf Appraisel, Life Satisfaction and Retrospective Life Choices Across One and Three Decades.
SourcePsychology and Aying, 1999, Vol. 14, 238 - 244
Investigation
PublicGifted (IQ>135) followed unto old age, USA, 1960-1992
 In 1922 1470 gifted children were selected. This "Terman-study" was continued approximately every 5 years during their lifetime.This study reports a follow up from 1960 (average age 49) to 1992 (average age 81)
Last assesment1992
 T1:1960,T2:1972,T3:1992
Survey nameNot available
SampleNon-probability purposive-quota sample
 Members of the Terman Study who in the 1960 survey responded to a question tapping the self-appraisal of having lived up to their intellectual abilities. To ensure a more homogenous age sample across the studies in 1972 and 1992 participation in both studies were restricted to persons who were at least 75 years of age in 1992.
Respondents N =383
 1972: Men:188 Women:195
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Repeated, with questionnaires
General remarksPurpose of the present research was to investigate the relationship of : T1: 1960 Midlife appraisal of having lived up to one's intellectual abilities with: T2: 1972 Evaluation of Life satisfaction in 3 domains:occupation, family and joy in living. T3: 1992 appraisal of Overall life satisfaction
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 2 questions: A "How important was each of the following goals in life in the plans you made for yourself in early adulthood?" - - - joy in living 4 of prime importance to me 3 2 1 less important to me than to most people B. "How successful have you been in the pursuit of these goals?" 5 had excellent fortune in this respect 4 3 2 1 little satisfaction in this area Computation: Life satisfaction score = Perceived success in achieving joy in living now (B) minus remembered importance of joy in living in early adulthood (A)
ClassificationM-AC-h-mq-v-8-a
Author's labelLife-satisfaction discrepancy
Page in publication239
RemarksT2 (1972)
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: following enumeration of lifegoals in six areas, the last of which was 'joy in living' " How successful have you been in pursuit of that goal.....?" (joy in living) 5 had excellent fortune in this respect 4 3 2 1 found little satisfaction in this area
ClassificationM-PL-h-sq-v-5-b
Author's labelLife satisfaction
Page in publication239
RemarksT2 (1972)
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes
 On original range 1 - 5On range 0 - 10
Mean4.03
Standard deviation0.92


Full textSelfreport on single question: 'All things considered, how satisfied are you with your life these days?' 1 completely dissatisfied 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 completely satisfied
ClassificationO-SLW-c-sq-n-9-a
Author's labelOverall life satisfaction
Page in publication241
RemarksT3 (1992)
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Current satisfaction with things wanted earlierH07aa03fO-SL by C-RG
Current satisfaction with things wanted earlierL07aa01dRealization of earlier goals, also classified as above ↑
Lived up to abilityI03aeAttitudes to own intelligence
Lived up to abilityL04aa01Earlier life-appraisals, also classified as above ↑
Lived up to abilityS02aa01Earlier self-image, also classified as above ↑
Lived up to abilityL07ac03cRealization of educational goals, also classified as above ↑