Findings on happiness in Matlin & Gawron (1979): study US 1977

Publication
Author(s)Matlin, M.W.; Gawron, V.J.
TitleIndividual Differences in Pollyannaism.
SourceJournal of Personality Assesment. 1979, Vol. 43, 411 - 412
Investigation
PublicUniversity students white, middle-class, State University of New-York, USA,197?
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Non-probability chunk sample
Respondents N =133
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Questionnaire administered in class at two consecutive days.
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: ".......happiness....." (Full text not reported)
ClassificationO-H?-?-sq-?-0-a
Author's labelHappiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Full textSelfreport on single question: Here is a picture of a ladder. Suppose we say that the top of the ladder represents the best possible life for you and the bottom represents the worst possible life for you. Where on the ladder do you feel you personally stand at the present time? [ 10 ] best possible life [ 9 ] [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] [ 0 ] worst possible life Preceded by 1) open questions about what the respondent imagines as the best possible life and the worst possible life. 2) ratings on the ladder of one's life five years ago and where on the ladder one expects to stand five years from now. Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating of life (original)
ClassificationC-BW-c-sq-l-11-a
Author's labelPresent Happiness
Finding used in
nation ranks
Yes

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Finding
Subject description
Brighter FutureH19abCurrent hope
Brighter FutureH04aa05Expected change in happiness (period unspecified), also classified as above ↑
Male SexG01aaSex (male vs female)
OptimismP05ceOptimistic
Pleasantness of past weekendD01acCurrent joys
Pollyannaism: cognitive tendenciesP05ciPositive reacting
Pollyannaism: cognitive tendenciesP05ciPositive reacting
Pollyannaism: optimism about futureP05ceOptimistic
Pollyannaism: other ratingP05ciPositive reacting
Pollyannaism: other ratingT04ab02Trust in people
Pollyannaism: other ratingP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑
Pollyannaism: other ratingT04ab02Trust in people
Pollyannaism: other ratingP05diTrusting, also classified as above ↑
Pollyannaism: pleasantness of pastweekendP05ciPositive reacting
Pollyannaism: rosier view in retrospectP05ciPositive reacting
Pollyannaism: self ratingS02ab05Self-perceived happy nature
Pollyannaism: self ratingS02ab05Self-perceived happy nature
Pollyannaism: selfratingP05ciPositive reacting
Present HappinessH07aa03aO-HL by C-BW
Social DesirabilityP05ahApproval seeking