Findings on happiness in Cohen et al. (1982): study US 1979

Author(s)Cohen, P.; Genevie, L.E.; Kaplan, S.R.; Muhlin, G.R.; Struening, E.L.
TitleCommunity Stressors, Mediating Conditions and Well-Being in Urban Neighbourhoods.
SourceJournal of Community Psychology, 1982, Vol. 10, 377 - 391.
DOIdoi: 10.1002/1520-6629(198210)10:4<377::AID-JCOP2290100408>3.0.CO;2-T
Public18-55 aged, general public, New York City, 1979
Collect periodSummer
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability area sample stratified for sex, age and ethnicity
Respondents N =602
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on 13 questions: "During the past month, did you ever feel.....?" A. Exited or pleased about something you were doing B. That important things in life are going your way C. Happy, satisfied, or pleased with your personal life. D. Exited or pleased with something you did or a problem you solved E. That you have a lot of friends you can count on F. Nervous or tense G. So restless and irritated you couldn't sit still H. Down-hearted or depressed I. Felt concerned or worried about your health J. Guilty about something you shouldn't have done K. Unable to get a good night's sleep L. That your mind was not working the way it should M. Miserable or discouraged about your future Answer options: 1 none of the time 2 3 4 most of the time Summation: Positive Affect Scale (PAS):A+B+C+D+E Negative Affect Scale (NAS):F+G+H+I+J+K+L+M Affect Balance Scale (ABS): PAS minus NAS Possible range: -32 to + 20 Name: Bradburn's Affect Balance Scale (variation by Cohen)
Author's labelWell-being
Error estimatesReliability: equivalence: cronbach _ = .78 Validity:
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range -32 - 20On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation5.20

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
AnomiaA06aaDevelopment of anomy
Chronic illnessH14ac01Degree of restriction
Comparitive income statusI01ae02Relative to neighborhood
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Fair shareN14ab06acAttitudes to social inequality
Fair shareL04ae01eLife compared with standard of fairness, also classified as above ↑
Family incomeI01ab03Household income
Frequency of visitsF06afConflicts with friends
Frequency of visitsF03ab02Contacts with relatives, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of visitsS06abCurrent contacts, also classified as above ↑
Frequency of visitsL17ab01bLocal social contacts, also classified as above ↑
Having workE02abCurrent employment status
HopeH04aa05aIn the near future (up to 5 years)
Joint effectsL04ag01Life-stress inventories
Joint effectsS15ab32Socio-demographic + life appriasals + liife-events + personality, also classified as above ↑
Joint effectsS15ab41Socio-demographic + personality + life-events, also classified as above ↑
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
MarriedM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Perceived crime in the neighborhoodL17ac03Perceived safety in community
Perceived crime in the neighborhoodL17ab02bSatisfaction with safety in community, also classified as above ↑
Perceived danger in neighborhoodL17ac03Perceived safety in community
Perceived social cohesion in neighborhoodS10ac02Perceived availability of social support
Perceived social cohesion in neighborhoodL17ab01cPerceived cohesion in community, also classified as above ↑
Perceived social problems in the neighborhoodL17ab01cPerceived cohesion in community
Perceived social problems in the neighborhoodL17ac03Perceived safety in community, also classified as above ↑
ReligiousnessR10ab03aChristian orthodoxy
White raceE04ab03tEthnic status in the USA