Findings on happiness in Peil (1984): study SL 1981

Author(s)Peil, M.
TitleAfrican Urban Life: Components of Satisfaction in Sierra Leone.
SourceSocial Indicators Research, 1984, Vol. 14, 363 - 384
PublicAdult, general public, urban areas, Sierra Leone, 1981
 Freetown, Bo and Kenema
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability sample of houses. Randomly selected from census sheets. Elderly people and long-term residents were oversampled. Freetown: 157 males, 79 females/ Bo: 143 males, 57 females/ Kenema: 152 males, 52 females.
Respondents N =640
Non Response5% (on some items up to 60%)
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
General remarksExcerpt includes extra information. Provided on demand by the author. (Not presented in the article).
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: How do you feel about your life as a whole? Rated on a seven step quality of life ladder was marked with a smiling face and marked ''GOOD'. The bottom marked with a frowning face and the word 'BAD' [ 7 ] Good, picture of smiling face [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] Bad, picture of frowning face (Pictures not reproduced here)
Author's labelQuality of life
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 7On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Age at arrival in place of residenceM09aa01cTime since last move
Arrival in place of residenceM09aa01cTime since last move
Attitude towards citylifeL13ac04Attitude to urban life
Attitude towards urban lifeL13ac04Attitude to urban life
Employment statusE02aeCurrent employment arrangement
Future happinessH19abCurrent hope
Future happinessH04aa04Expected level of happiness (period unspecified), also classified as above ↑
Happiness with kinL13ac04Attitude to urban life
Happiness with kinF03acAttitudes to family-life, also classified as above ↑
Happiness with kinS11acAttitudes to own support behavior, also classified as above ↑
Happiness with kinS10acAttitudes to social support received, also classified as above ↑
Having workE02abCurrent employment status
Level of educationE01ab02Level of school-education
Male sexG01aaSex (male vs female)
Occupational levelO01abCurrent occupation
Past happinessH04aa01Retrospective level of happiness (period unspecified)
Satisfaction with entitlementW05ad02aSatisfaction with pay
Satisfaction with healthH14af04Satisfaction with health
Satisfaction with houseH22ae02Satisfaction with housing
Satisfaction with incomeI01af05aSatisfaction with income
Satisfaction with jobW05ad01Satisfaction with work-as-a-whole
Satisfaction with neighbourhoodL16ac02Attitude to neighborhood
Satisfaction with standard of livingI01af05eSatisfaction with standard of living
Satisfaction with successN14ab07acAttitudes to social inequality in nation
Satisfaction with the development of the nationN04ad03Satisfaction with economic development in nation
Satisfaction with townL16acAttitudes to local environment
Size of townL13ab02dSize of urban setting
Urban backgroundF01ah02Rural upbringing
Urban backgroundL13ab02bRural vs urban dwelling, also classified as above ↑