Findings on happiness in Townsend & Gurin (1981): study US 1972

Author(s)Townsend, A.; Gurin, P.
TitleRe-examining the frustrated homemaker hypothesis: Role fit, personal dissatisfaction, and collective discontent.
SourceSociology of Work and Occupations, 1981, Vol. 8, 464 - 488
Public18+ aged, white women, USA, 1972
Survey nameNot available
 1972 National Election Study
SampleNot available
 Full-time working white women (N=429) and full-time white housewives (N=517) selected from a representative probability sample of USA adults.
Respondents N =946
Non ResponseNot available
AssesmentInterview: face-to-face
 Highly structured
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "In general, how satisfying do you find your life these days? Would you call it....?." 3 completely satisfying 2 pretty satisfying 1 not satisfying
Author's labelpersonal dissatisfaction with life
RemarksResponses recoded 1: completely and pretty, 2 not very satisfying
Finding used in
nation ranks

Full textSelfreport on single question.: Up to now, have you been able to satisfy most of your ambitions in life or have you had to settle for less than you had hoped for .....? 2 able to satisfy ambitions 1 settled for less
Author's labelSense of unfulfillment
Finding used in
nation ranks

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Joint effectsS15ab06Socio-demographic + life style
Marital statusM02aaMarried state (compared to non-married states)
Marital statusM02aa02Married vs widowed, also classified as above ↑
Role-fitE02abCurrent employment status
Role-fitE02ab01Full-time home maker, also classified as above ↑
Role-fitR15ab02bRole conflict, also classified as above ↑
Sense of fulfilmentH07aa03gO-SL by C-RW
Sense of restrictionF05ab03aAmount of restrictions perceived