Findings on happiness in Molnar (1985): study US 1981

Author(s)Molnar, J.J.
TitleDeterminants of Subjective Well-Being among Farm Operators.
SourceRural Sociology, 1985, Vol. 50, 141 - 162
PublicFarm operators, Alabama, USA, 1981
Survey nameNot available
SampleNot available
 Probability simple random sample drawn from a master list maintained by various agencies and organizations serving the state
Respondents N =705
Non Response29,9%
AssesmentQuestionnaire: paper
 Mailed questionnaire
General remarksThe author supplied some additional data, i.e. non-significant regression-coŽfficients, that were not published in the table on p.156 of the article
Happiness measure(s) used
Full textSelfreport on single question: "Here is a picture of a ladder. At the bottom of the ladder is the worst life you might reasonably expect to have. At the top is the best life you might expect to have. Of course, life from week to week falls somewhere in between. Where was your life most of the time during the past year?" [ 9 ] best life you might expect to have [ 8 ] [ 7 ] [ 6 ] [ 5 ] [ 4 ] [ 3 ] [ 2 ] [ 1 ] worst life you might expect to have Name: Cantril's self anchoring ladder rating (modified version)
Author's labelSubjective well-being
Finding used in
nation ranks
 On original range 1 - 9On range 0 - 10
Standard deviation1.95

Correlational findings

Author's labelSubject Code
Subject description
AgeA04abCurrent age (in years)
Combined off-farm employment statusE02af03Multiple jobs
Combined off-farm employment statusF04ab03Time spend to farming, also classified as above ↑
Commitment to farmingO01ad02Attitudes to current occupation
Commitment to farmingF04ad01Concern about farming, also classified as above ↑
Economic constraintsF04ac03Economic success of farm
EducationE01ab02Level of school-education
Expected well-being in five yearsH04aa04aIn the near future (up to 5 years)
Farm structure and individual characteristicsF04acCurrent characteristics of the farm
Farm structure and individual characteristicsS15ab02Socio-demographic + environmental factors, also classified as above ↑
Gross farm salesF04ac01Size of farm
Growth plansF04ac03Economic success of farm
Land operatedF04ac01Size of farm
Off-farm workdaysF04ab03Time spend to farming
Percent farm incomeF04ab03Time spend to farming
Self-definition as a farm operatorF04ad01Concern about farming
Self-definition as a farm operatorS02ab10Self-perceived social identity, also classified as above ↑
Total family incomeI01ab03Household income
Wife's work statusE02abCurrent employment status
Wife's work statusE02ad01Full-time vs part-time, also classified as above ↑
Wife's work statusF04ab03Time spend to farming, also classified as above ↑